Chapter 8

Intercropping on Organic Farms

(book excerpts)

Intercropping is defined as the growth of more than one crop simultaneously in the same field during a growing season. The crops may be seeded at the same time (mixed intercropping) or they may be seeded at different times (relay intercropping). Strip intercropping is a production system where different crops are grown in wide strips (usually the width of a seeder) in the same field. Row intercropping is the cultivation of two or more crops simultaneously on the same field with a row arrangement. Intercrops can be combinations of two or more species, including both annuals and perennials or a mixture. Intercropping is regarded as an important agricultural practice to improve crop production and environmental quality in the regions with intensive agricultural production.

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